Pedestrian crashes in Bangalore: Part 3
Out of the 642 road crash deaths that were reported in Bangalore in 2017, 282 were pedestrians. As seen in Part 1 and Part 2 of this series, a majority of crashes happened in the peripheral areas of the city, and a significant percentage of them happened during two peak periods—6 pm to 10 pm and 5 am to 6 am. This part of the series will discuss a few important attributes of crashes such as type of vehicles involved, first impact location, type of impact etc.
At least half of all fatal pedestrian crashes in the city in 2017 involved a two-wheeler or a car hitting a pedestrian. While motorcyclists are highly vulnerable to crashes, they also pose a significant threat to pedestrians, especially in urban areas. Two-wheelers alone were associated with 27% of all the crashes. The second highest contributing mode was cars, which were involved in 25% of the crashes. This is explained to some extent by the fact that two-wheelers and cars together comprise more than 90% of all registered vehicles in the city. 17% of the crashes involved impact with buses, both public and private. At least in two instances, pedestrian deaths were caused due to workplace negligence and involved the victim being crushed or run over by a crane. Water tankers were involved in 6 cases. In areas such as Banaswadi and Whitefield, two-wheeler involvement was proportionately high as compared to other modes, whereas Adugodi, HSR Layout, and Jayanagar saw a high percentage of crashes involving cars. Over 80% of all pedestrian crashes in Electronic City involved a car or a truck, and no crash involved a two-wheeler.
Nearly 60% of the crashes happened while the pedestrian was crossing the road, whereas 19% of crashes happened while the pedestrian was walking on the footpath or on the side of the road. This points to the fact that the city lacks safe pedestrian infrastructure – footpaths and pedestrian crossings—which leads to pedestrians interacting dangerously with the motorized traffic. In at least 8 (3%) cases, the pedestrian was struck down by a vehicle while waiting for a bus or accessing a bus either at a bus stop or a bus station.
In 32% of the cases, the impact happened on the road side, whereas in 60% of the cases, the impact happened on the carriageway. Safe spaces have to be created for pedestrians both on the roadside– through provision of wide unobstructed footpaths– and on the carriageway– through at-grade pedestrian crossings and refuge islands– to prevent these crashes.
A majority (81%) of the deaths involved the victim falling on the ground and injuring the head after coming in contact with the colliding vehicle. 15% of victims died after being run over by a vehicle, which in most cases was a bus or a truck. In at least 4 cases, the victim was crushed between 2 vehicles.
This is the third of a four-part series that presents analyses from a pedestrian crash data study in the city of Bangalore. The study was based on FIR reports collected from the Bangalore Traffic Police for pedestrian crashes reported in the year 2017. The data was obtained through relevant RTI applications.